Bacterial integrons are a useful PCR amplification target in epidemiological surveys of bacterial antibiotic resistance, and a variety of primers have been published. We describe multiplex PCR methodology to test for classes 1, 2 and 3 integron-associated integrases in boiled lysates of Gram-negative bacteria. We report on performance in Acinetobacter spp. (n=50), Enterobacteriaceae (n=76), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=15), Bacteroidesspp. (n=69), and in undifferentiated mixed cultures derived from perineal swabs (n=50) and endotracheal aspirates (n=8). This method achieved 100% sensitivity and specificity in simple lysates made from a range of bacteria, without requiring DNA extraction, and is recommended as an efficient screening tool for surveys of integron cassettes.
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