The costs of parental care in teleost fishes


Introduction Definitions Parental care in teleost fishes Parental investment in teleost fishes Cost to survival Cost to batch fecundity Cost to breeding frequency Tactics to reduce parental costs Mate desertion and bigamy Brood cannibalism and abandonment Brood mixing Reducing the level of care Reducing energy expenditure Using camouflage Using helpers Costs and the evolution of parental care Summary Acknowledgements References


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